Women and Heart Attacks

Photo of senior Asian woman clutching her chest in pain
Senior female Asian suffering from bad pain in his chest heart attack at home – senior heart disease

You’ve probably seen it on Facebook yourself – every so often it will raise its ugly little head again: Someone on Facebook will re-post an article claiming that women have different heart attack symptoms to men. NO, THEY DON’T! It’s possible that the prevalence of some symptoms may be higher or lower among women, but that doesn’t help at all. What are you going to do – ignore possible signs of a potentially fatal condition just because a woman is less likely to experience them? Duh! The most common symptom is chest pain – usually quite central, but it can radiate to the arms (yes, both of them in some cases) and to the jaw. It can also be in the lower back. But it won’t be a pinpoint pain – it will feel a bit like nasty indigestion, or could be crushing, squeezing sensation.

Someone having a heart attack might feel sick. They might be pale and clammy. They could be short of breath.

They’re very likely to be extremely anxious – the body generally realises when something really bad is happening, even if it doesn’t know what.

If you think someone is having a heart attack, sit them down on the floor against a wall or a heavy object, knees bent, feet resting on the floor. Ideally, use something to support the legs. This is the position which places least strain on the heart and lungs. What’s more, if they become unconscious, they don’t have far to fall.

  Call 999 straight away – this person needs advanced medical care! Don’t worry that you may have got it wrong – better that than a dead casualty. And here’s another important fact: many heart attacks are “silent”. That is, there are no obvious symptoms at all. So, if you’re at all unsure, call an ambulance. And don’t ignore a possible heart attack just because it’s a woman!

Reference:  Women and Heart Attacks

Heart photo created by jcomp – www.freepik.com

Sugar – Sweet or Poison?

As it’s World Diabetes Day on 14th November, I thought I would do a blog about sugar, recommended intake, its bad effects on the body and tips to help cut down.

There is no UK government health guideline for total sugars, but the figure of 90g per day is used as a rule of thumb on labelling in Britain and across the EU.  That 90g equates to more than 22 small (4g) teaspoons of sugar.

Packaging previously showed guideline daily amounts (GDA) for men, women and children but this has been replaced by reference intakes (RI) – which, under European legislation, can only be shown for adults. Reference intakes are not the same as dietary reference values (DRVs), which are what health professionals use when calculating added sugars.

National Diet and Nutrition Survey (NDNS) produced by Public Health England, which includes figures collected from 2014 to 2016, cited that sugar makes up 13.5% of 4 to 10-year-olds’, and 14.1% of teenagers’ (11 to 18-year-olds) daily calorie intake respectively

That’s almost three times the recommended amount.

Sugary drinks are the main source of sugar.  Sweets, chocolate and jams made up close to a quarter of children’s sugar intake.  

For adults aged 19-64, the main sources are confectionery, soft drinks and cereals.  Alcohol is an additional source, of course!

A lot of people don’t know that there seems to be a strong link between sugar and dementia.  Obesity and diabetes are already proven to lead to a greater risk of developing Alzheimer’s (some studies even suggest that Alzheimer’s is late-stage diabetes).  But even before developing diabetes, a sugar-heavy diet is linked to a decline in cognitive function.

Tips to cut down sugar:

  • Cut down on food and drinks containing free sugar such as sweets, cakes, biscuits, chocolate, and some fizzy drinks and juice drinks.
  • Go for water, lower-fat milk, or sugar-free, diet or no-added-sugar drinks.
  • Even unsweetened fruit juices and smoothies are sugary, so limit the amount you have to no more than 150ml a day.
  • If you prefer fizzy drinks, try diluting drinks with sparkling water.
  • If you take sugar in hot drinks or add sugar to your breakfast cereal, gradually reduce the amount until you can cut it out altogether.

We all know it’s not easy to cut down on sugar, but for the sake of your brain – try it!

References:

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-27941325